Joy and opposition greet the Good News
Verse 13:48 “And as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed.” Before the creation of the world God chose those who would be saved (Ephesians 1:4). Those in Antioch whom God had graciously chosen were led to faith, a natural next step on their path to eternal life. The truth of predestination brings great comfort when we see our own human weakness and know that on our own we would surely fall. The Lord reminds us, “Your salvation is my work, from start to finish.” They became believers by God’s doing, not because of their attitude or decision. I Cor. 12:3
Verse 13:51 “But they shook off the dust form their feet against them” This was a Jewish way of declaring, “I have no further responsibility toward you.” Jesus said, “But whatever city you enter, and they do not receive you, go out into its streets and say, ‘The very dust of your city which clings to us we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near you.’ Luke 10:10-11
And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet. Matt. 10:14
Also He said to them, “In whatever place you enter a house, stay there till you depart from that place. 11 “And whoever will not receive you nor hear you, when you depart from there, shake off the dust under your feet as a testimony against them. Assuredly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!” Mark 6:10-11
Verse 13:51 “and came to Iconium” This was about 80 miles southwest of Antioch. About a four or five day walk.
Verse 14:6 “they became aware of it and fled to Lystra and Derbe” This was not cowardice. Jesus had told them in Matthew 10:23 When they persecute you in this city, flee to another.
1. What was the result of Paul’s sermon? Note: This pattern would repeat itself over and over again throughout Paul’s ministry.
2. In both Pisidian Antioch (Acts 13) and Iconium (Acts 14), Paul began his ministry in the Jewish synagogue. Why? (Hint: Refer to 13:16. Also see Romans 1:16.)
3. Compare the opposition Paul and Barnabas faced in Pisidian Antioch to what they faced in Iconium. In what ways was the opposition similar? In what ways was it different?